Languages & Cultures of East Asia
Trad 101, Sections 18-19-20-21 Fall 2000
Lecture Outline, 8/30/00 - Overview of Japanese and Korean
Japanese and Korean
1) Genetic relationship
Are Japanese and Korean related to Chinese?
Are Japanese and Korean related to each other?
Are Japanese and Korean part of a language family?
Altaic: Mongolian, Turkish, Japanese/Korea??????
Sino-Tibetan: Chinese, Tibeto-Karen
Indo-European: Germanic, Romance, Celtic, Indo-Iranian, Balto-Slavic
Germanic: English, German, Dutch
Afro-Asiatic: Hausa, Arabic
Finno-Ugric: Finnish, Hungarian
How do you support a genetic relationship?
Sound correspondences in basic vocabulary
But Japanese and Korean are very similar in grammar
2) Where are they spoken and how many speakers?
Korean North Korea and South Korea
Japanese Ryuukyuuan and the mainland dialects
lots of words are from (or based on) Chinese
now borrowing from English
Japanese syllable is normally CV
Words are conjugated
Korean (taken from Handbook for Teaching