Languages & Cultures of East Asia
Trad 101, Sections
18-19-20-21 Fall 2000
Lecture Outline, 10/11/00 - Cross-cultural Communication (2)
Review American vs. Japanese
How invitations are done
Asians are quiet
from own perspective
Chinese vs. American
2. Language and unspoken assumptions
milk vs. beer
3. Culture differences
Lets go see the princess
Korean vs. American
Tutor Non-native speaker
Student Native speaker
8 minutes of transcripts
Game = 10 frames
strike: 10 points + points from 2 rolls
spare: 10 points + points from 1 roll
Perfect game: 10 frames + 2 balls
Things to consider:
1. What roles do the two people have?
2. Assumptions? Interpretations?
3. Assumptions reflected in conversation?
Student: asks a direct question
Tutor: "Yeah, approximately"
To S: Tutor is not fully knowledgeable
To T: Rude to state one is an expert
Yes, I know a little >> Yes, I know a lot
T: thinks he has asserted his knowledge >> his status
S: thinks tutor has only claimed partial knowledge
No access to the others knowledge
But assume they share
S: reveals no full knowledge
T: surprise followed by silence
To S: Silence means no experience in bowling
To T: 1) Avoid embarrassment
Already asserted expertise
Another attempt to be polite
Where they stand
Both interpret the other as denying knowledge
Both believe he/she has asserted claim to higher status
Line 7 "That has to do with the bowling game"
Repeatedly challenges Ts interpretation of procedure
Line 21, 27-30,32-33
Repeatedly rejects Ss version
Line 24-27, 30-31, 34-36, 43-46
governed by jen--benevolence
no negotiation over status
T avoids making S look foolish
expects S to listen, not to challenge
If tutor doesnt fully know, then status is open for
T: uses inductive method
starts with shared knowledge,
applies it 7 times
To S: a waste of time
"the guy was playing with my
Rejects 7 times
What has happened?
What caused the miscommunication?
Why do they have different assumptions?
A case of conflict in the perception and negotiation of status