Languages & Cultures of East Asia
Trad 101, Sections 18-19-20-21 Fall 2000
Lecture Outline, 11/1/00 - Phonology (2)
pairs: Two different words are identical in every way except for one sound
segment that occurs in the same place in the string (English big vs. pig)
sounds that differentiates words
distribution: they never occur in the same environment (like Superman and
[th]: top, tip, tent, talk....
predictable variants of phonemes
vs. derived allophones
is a vowel? (no obstruction of the air as it exits the mouth)
/e/ /i/ /o/....
is a consonant? (with obstruction of the air as it exits the mouth)
/s/ /n/ /b/....